The Ziyarat of Ashurah – Introduction
“Salutations upon Hussain, and upon Ali Ibnil Hussain, and upon the children of Hussain and upon the companions of Hussain!”
It is a firmly established fact that just as it is impossible to comprehend and grasp the greatness, excellence, position and status of Ahle Bait (a.s.), it is impossible for us to comprehend the connotations, implications and significance of their words and statements in their entirety. Of course, we can have some basic understanding of their words, which makes us realize their high stature and distinction. Ziyaarate Ashurah too falls in a similar category. Its greatness, benefits and rewards cannot be entirely comprehended or enumerated. Hence whatever is being written in this article concerning Ziyaarate Ashurah is like taking a few drops from a vast ocean. As the old Arabic cliché goes, ‘If the entire ocean cannot be encircled and seized, then at least take from it to the extent of your thirst.
What else could be a greater merit for this Ziyarat than to be the ‘Word of Allah’ (Hadithe Qudsi)? No other Ziyarat bears this eminence and superiority. The difference between the Holy Quran and Ziyarate’ Ashurah is the same as the difference between the Holy Quran and Hadithe Qudsi. If the words from Allah claim to be a miracle from the aspect of meaning and concept, then they are the verses of the Holy Quran. But if there is no claim of miracle from the aspect of meaning and concept, then these divine words are called as ‘Hadithe Qudsi’. And if the concept is from Allah, but the words are those of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), then it is called as ‘Hadith’. However there is no doubt that this Ziyarat is Hadithe Qudsi.
Safwan (r.a) narrates that Hazrat Jibraeel (a.s.) conveyed this Ziyarat to Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) on divine command. What is important at this point is to appreciate that this Ziyarat is Hadithe Qudsi and it has reached Imam Baqir (a.s.) through his noble ancestors who received it from Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a). Imam Baqir (a.s.) made ‘public’ this Ziyaarat for the first time. This is because like all other divine laws that were delayed, the delay in the communication of Ziyarate Aashoora in the public domain also had a divine rationale.
(Ref: Shifa al-Sudoor, p. 51 by Abul Fazl Tehrani)
The purpose of this blog is very clearly to empahsise upon us all the importance of this celebrated Ziyarat; to impress upon us its merits and its authenticity and yes, to insipre us to recite this Ziyarat every single day.