Ziyaarate Ashurah is Hadith-e-Qudsi

‘What else could be a greater merit for this Ziyaarat than to be the ‘Word of Allah’ (Hadithe Qudsi). No other Ziyaarat bears this eminence and superiority. The difference between the Holy Quran and Ziyaarate Aashoora is the same as the difference between the Holy Quran and Hadithe Qudsi. If the words from Allah claim to be a miracle from the aspect of meaning and concept, then they are the verses of the Holy Quran. But if there is no claim of miracle from the aspect of meaning and concept, then these divine words are called as ‘Hadithe Qudsi’. And if the concept is from Allah, but the words are those of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), then it is called as ‘Hadith’.

However there is no doubt that this Ziyaarat is ‘Hadith e Qudsi as per the tradition mentioned below .

Tradition :

Shaykh Tusi reports: Muhammad bin Khalid al-Tayalisi narrated from Sayf bin ‘Umayra who said; “I rode  out with Safwan bin Mihran al-Jammal towards al- Ghariy,and a group of our

 companions were with us. This was after Abu ‘Abdillah (a.s.) (i.e. Imam al-Sadiq) had left. Later we set out for Medina from al-Hira.[1]

When we had completed performing the pilgrimage rites, Safwan turned his face in the direction of the grave of Abu ‘Abdillah (al-Husayn) (a.s.) and said to us: ‘salute and greet al- Husayn (a.s.) from this place, from the place of the head of the grave of the Prince of the Believers[2], the blessings of Allah be upon him, for Abu ‘Abdillah (al-Sadiq)

 (a.s.) pointed towards it (towards the grave of al-Husayn) from right here, and I was with him.”

He (Sayf bin ‘Umayra) said: “Then Safwan recited the salutation, which ‘Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami had narrated from Abu Ja’far al-Baqir (a.s.) for the day of ‘Ashura. Thereafter he recited two units of prayer at the head of the grave of the Prince of the Believers. At the end of these two rites, he bid farewell to the Prince of the Believers and gestured towards (the grave of) al-Husayn (a.s.) in the state of salutations and greetings, making his departure while his face was turned towards his (al-Husayn’s) direction and bid him farewell. At the end he recited the following supplication:

‘O Allah! O Allah! O Allah! O He who responds to the call of the afflicted…” (The famous supplication, widely known as the supplication of ‘Alqama).

This tradition is clear that Safwan greeted Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) by the salutation text, which ‘Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami had narrated.

At the end of the tradition, Sayf bin ‘Umayra says; “So I asked Safwan: ”Alqama bin Muhammad al- Hadhrami did not narrate this supplication, by which I mean, ‘O Allah! O Allah! O Allah! O He who responds to the call of the afflicted…!’ Rather he narrated only the text of the salutation!’

So Safwan replied: ‘I arrived with my Master, Abu ‘Abdillah al-Sadiq (a.s.) at this place and he acted in a similar way to how we acted in our pilgrimage rituals and he supplicated with this supplication when bidding farewell after having recited the ritual prayers which we had recited, and he bade farewell in the same manner as we bade farewell.’

Thus the disagreement was regarding the supplication that is recited after the salutation, whereas there is no disagreement about the famous text of the salutation, which is accepted and acknowledged.

The report continues further as follows:[3]

“Then Safwan said to me: ‘Abu ‘Abdillah (al-Sadiq) (a.s.) said to me: “Commit yourself to the recitation of this salutation, and supplicate by this supplication (of ‘Alqama) and visit him (i.e. Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) for I am a guarantor near Allah the Most High for anyone who visited and greeted (al-Husayn) with this salutation and supplicated by this supplication from near or from afar: that his visit will be accepted, his endeavours acknowledged and appreciated, his greetings arriving (at their intended destination) without being veiled (or concealed) and his needs fulfilled by Allah however difficult, and He (Allah) will not disappoint him.

O Safwan! I obtained this salutation guaranteed with this guarantee from my father, and my father from his father ‘Ali bin al-Husayn (a.s.). ‘Ali bin al-Husayn (a.s) obtained it from his father al-Husayn, and al-Husayn from his brother al-Hasan, and al-Hasan from his father, the Prince of the Believers. The Prince of the Believers obtained it from the Prophet of Allah, and the Prophet of Allah from Gabriel and Gabriel from Allah, Great and Exalted.

The guarantee is that Allah, Great and Exalted, has taken it upon Himself that whosoever visits and greets al-Husayn (a.s.) with this salutation text, from near or from afar and supplicates with this supplication then He will accept his greetings and his supplication with regards to his problem however difficult, and will fulfil his wish.

Thereafter the visitor will not turn away from Allah disappointed, rather Allah will turn his state into a happy one; (a state) whereby his eyes will be delighted by the granting of his requests and success in heaven and emancipation from hell. Furthermore, Allah will accept the intercession of any who intercedes, except the intercession of our opponent, the opponent of the people of the House (of the Prophet). Allah has undertaken this on Himself, and called us to witness what the angels of His realm had witnessed regarding that.

Then Gabriel said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, He (Allah) has sent me to you with glad tidings and joy, and glad tidings and joy for ‘Ali (a.s.) and Fatima and al-Hasan and al-Husayn (a.s.) and for the Imams from his (al-Husayn’s) progeny till the Day of Judgment. So may your happiness and joy continue O Muhammad, and that of ‘Ali and Fatima and al-Hasan and al-Husayn and the Imams from al-Husayn’s progeny and that of your adherents till the Day of Resurrection.’

Then Safwan said: ‘Abu ‘Abdillah (a.s.) said to me, ‘If you happen to be in need and desire it’s fulfilment from Allah, then greet and salute (al-Husayn) with this salutation wherever you may be, and supplicate with this supplication and beseech your need from your Lord, it will certainly be fulfilled by Allah, for Allah is not one who goes against His promise nor does He go against what He has blessed and graced His Messenger with, and all praise is due to Allah.[4] [5]

_____________________________________________________________________

[1] Translator’s note: From the context of this report, as will become clear a little later on, it seems that Sayf bin ‘Umayra, along with Safwan al- Jammal and their companions rode out to the grave site of ‘Ali bin Abi Talib in order to pay homage to him at his grave. They then later paid homage to Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) from the same spot, i.e. from near the grave of ‘Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s.).

[2] Translator’s note: “Prince of the Believers” is the famous title of ‘Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s.).

[3] Tranlator’s note: The paragraphs that follow describing the exhortation of al-Sádiq (a.s.) to Safwan to adhere to the recitation of this salutataion and the accompanying supplication and the description of Allah’s guarantee are not part of the original article. The translator has appended it here for the sake of completion and wholesomeness. He has also sourced this passage from an edition of Misbahul Mutahajjid different to that of the author’s.

[4] Misbahul Mutahajjid, pg 542 – 543 (Different edition: Published by Alami Library, Beirut Lebanon, P.O.Box 7120, 1998).

[5] Shifa as Sudoor fi Sharhe Ziyarate Ashurah by Ayatullah Haaj mirza Abul Fazl Tehrani volume 1 pg 46

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