Tradition Of Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami – Part I

Salih bin ‘Uqba and Sayf bin ‘Umayra narrate from ‘Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami who reports: “I said to Abu Ja’far (al-Baqir) (a.s.); ‘Teach me a salutation by which I may greet and salute him (al-Husayn) on that day (i.e. the day of ‘Ashura’), if I were to visit him from near, and by gesturing towards him when from afar and when at home.”
‘Alqama said: “He (al-Baqir (a.s.) said to me ‘O ‘Alqama, if you recite two units of prayer after gesturing towards him with greetings and salutations, then say these words after glorifying[1] Allah.[2] And so if you say that, then you will have greeted and saluted him with words by which the angels greet him. And Allah will elavate you a million ranks and you will be like him who was martyred with al-Husayn (a.s.) and you will share with them in their ranks. Then y

ou will be known as being with the martyrs who were martyred with him. Allah will ordain for you the reward of visiting every Prophet and every Messenger and (the reward) of the pilgrimage of every person who visited al-Husayn (a.s.) since he and his family were killed.’

The Salutation:

 أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللّٰهِ، أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ أَمِيرِ الْـمُؤْمِنِينَ وَابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّينَ،أَلسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا بْنَ فَاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ نِسآءِ الْعالَـمِينَ

……. Till the end of the Ziyarat



‘Greetings to you, O Aba ‘Abdillah.[3] Greetings to you, O son of the Messenger of Allah. Greetings to you, O son of the Prince of Believers and the son of the Leader of the Successors. Greetings to you, O son of Fatima, the Mistress of the Women of the Worlds…….’ Till the end of the ziyarat

 Then 100 times

اَللَّہُمَّ الْعَنْ اَوَّلَ ظٰالِمِ ظَلَمَ حَقَّ مُحَمَّدٍ وٰاٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَاٰخِرَ تَابِعٍ لَہٗ عَلیٰ ذٰلِکَ اَللَّہُمَّ الْعَنِ العِصَابَۃَ الَّتِیْ جٰاہَدَتِ الحُسَیْنِ وَشَایَعَتْ وَبَایَعَتْ وَتَابَعَتْ عَلیٰ قَتْلِہ اَللَّہُمَّ الْعَنُہُمْ جَمِیْعاً

Then 100 times

َلسَّلَامُ عَلَیْکَ یَا اَبَا عَبْدِاللّٰہِ وَ عَلَی الْاَرْوَحِ الَّتِیْ حَلَتْ بِفِنٰائِکَ عَلَیْکَ مِنِّیْ سَلَامُ اللّٰہِ اَبَداً مٰا بَقِیْتُ وَ بَقِیَ اللَّیْلُ وَالنَّہَارُ وَلَا جَعَلَہُ اللّٰہُ اَخِرَ الْعَہَدِ مِنِّیْ لِزِیَارَتِکُمْ اَلسَّلَامُ عَلیَ الْحُسَیْنِ وَعَلٰی عَلِیَّ بْنَ الْحُسَینِ وَعَلیٰ اَوْلَادِالْحُسَیْنِ وَعَلیٰ اَصْحَابِ الْحُسَیْن۔

“Then he (al-Baqir) (a.s.) said

اللَّهُمَّ خُصَّ أَنْتَ أَوَّلَ ظَالِمٍ بِاللَّعْنِ مِنِّي وَ ابْدَأْ بِهِ أَوَّلاً ثُمَّ (الْعَنِ) الثَّانِيَ وَ الثَّالِثَ وَ الرَّابِعَ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنْ يَزِيدَ خَامِساً وَ الْعَنْ عُبَيْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ زِيَادٍ وَ ابْنَ مَرْجَانَةَ وَ عُمَرَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ وَ شِمْراً وَ آلَ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ وَ آلَ زِيَادٍ وَ آلَ مَرْوَانَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ

“Then he (al-Baqir) (a.s.) said – after specifying the salutation once and invoking of curses once – ‘then prostrate and say:

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ حَمْدَ الشَّاكِرِينَ لَكَ عَلَى مُصَابِهِمْ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى عَظِيمِ رَزِيَّتِي‏

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي شَفَاعَةَ الْحُسَيْنِ يَوْمَ الْوُرُود وَ ثَبِّتْ لِي قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ عِنْدَكَ مَعَ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ أَصْحَابِ الْحُسَيْنِ الَّذِينَ بَذَلُوا مُهَجَهُمْ دُونَ الْحُسَيْنِ عليه السلام

“O Lord, for you is the praise, the praise of the thankful ones, (even) during adversities and tribulations. Praise be to Allah for my intense grief. O Lord, grant me the intercession of al-Husayn on the Day of Judgement, and strengthen me in truth, with you and with al-Husayn, and with al-Husayn’s companions who sacrificed themselves for al-Husayn (a.s.).”

Then ‘Alqama said: “Abu Ja’far (al-Baqir) (a.s.) said; ‘If you are able to greet and salute him (al-Husayn) every day with this salutation from your house, then do so, and you will obtain the reward of all that (all the above-mentioned rewards).”[4] [5]

This is the conclusion of the report of the salutation of ‘Ashura’, along with its chain and text.

Inshallah in part II of this article we shall discuss the authencity of the narrators namely

Salih bin ‘Uqba’ ; Sayf bin ‘Umayra and ‘Alqama’ bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami’


[1] Translator’s note: The actual Arabic word used here is “Takbir”.

[2] Translator’s note: Thus the sequence of acts which is recommended is as follows; Takbir – then the recitation of the salutation whilst pointing and gesturing towards the Imam’s grave – then two units of prayer.

[3] Translator’s note: This was the epithet of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.). It means “the father of ‘Abdullah”. Men in the Arab tradition tend to be given such epithets as “O father of…” with the name following being generally, that of the eldest son.

[4] Misbahul Mutahajjid pg 715 – 718 ; Kamil uz Ziyarat pg 174- 176 ; Beharul anwar  volume 98 pg 690 – 692 ,

[5] Shifa us Sudoor fi Sharhe Ziyarat e Ashurah by Ayatullah Haaj Mirza Abul Fazi Isfahani volume 1 pg 41 – 46


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