In the long days and dark nights of occultation (ghaibat), neither our beloved prophet, Mohammad (s.a.w.a.) nor our Imam, Imam Vali-e-Asr (a.t.f.s) is present in our midst. The only way to quench the thirst of their recognition (ma’refat) and knowledge is through the treasure of books, which we have inherited from our great scholars.
As it is narrated by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) – in the last era, the faith of the people will be based on ‘black over white’ i.e. books. Books are the source through which we can acquaint ourselves with Islamic beliefs (aqaed), religious edicts (ahkam), history, and ethics (akhlaq). In this treatise we try to acquaint ourselves with one such book, which is one of the most crucial references with regards to Hazrat Sayyudush Shohada, Imam Husain (a.s.). The book is Kamiluz Ziaraat. (more…)
Narration of Ibn Qulawayh Al-Qummi about the ziyarat of the day of ‘Ashura’ in his book Kamil al-Ziyarat – Part II ( Reliability of the Narrators)
The Tradition :
Imam Abu Ja’far al-Baqir (a.s.) who said: ” Whoever visits (the grave of) al-Husayn bin ‘Ali (a.s.) on the day of ‘Ashura’ and persists in weeping at his grave, then Allah the Glorified and Exalted will present him on the Day of Judgment, with the reward of two thousand major pilgrimages…” ( Ref : Kamil al-Ziyarat )
The above tradition has been narated by 6 narrators namely
(1) Hakim bin Dawud bin Hakim (2) Muhammad bin Musa al-Hamadani (3) Muhammad bin Khalid al-Tayalisi (4) Sayf bin ‘Umayra (5) Salih bin ‘Uqba (6) ‘Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami
Study of the chain of Narrators :
1) Hakim bin Dawud bin Hakim: He is one of the teachers of Ibn Qawlawayhi and Ibn Qawlawayhi has authenticated his (Hakim bin Dawud bin Hakim) teachers en masse in the beginning of his book where he says; “He (Hakim bin Dawud bin Hakim) does not mention anything in his book except that which he has come across from authentic sources.”
And Ibn Qawlawayhi narrates from him in Kamil al-Ziyarat in the second chapter, hadith number eleven, and in the fifty fourth chapter, third hadith in addition to the seventy first chapter, hadith number nine. (more…)
Narration of Ibn Qulawayh Al-Qummi about the ziyarat of the day of ‘Ashura’ in his book Kamil al-Ziyarat – Part I
Introduction to the book ‘ Kamil al-Ziyarat’ :
Kāmil Al-Ziyārāt is indisputably the most authentic and comprehensive work ever compiled about Ziyārah. There are over 750 narrations which open doors to innumerable fields of knowledge. It also offers incredible and profound insight into the tragedy of Imam Husain A.S
Not only is Kāmil Al-Ziyārāt an extremely thorough book of Ziyārah which contains detailed narrations with instructions on how to perform each and every Ziyārah, it contains many different chapters which reveal essential information about the one whose Ziyārah is being performed and about the sacred sites being visited. There are also several chapters which discuss the incredible rewards for performing the Ziyārah of the Ahlul Bayt, particularly the Master of the Martyrs.
There are also numerous chapters dedicated to the tragedy of Imam Ĥusain, including detailed information about the lamentation of all of the created beings, including the Jinn, the angels, and the Ahlul Bayt over the Thirsty Master in Karbalā, as well as the dedication of all of the prophets, the angels, and the Ahlul Bayt to his Ziyārah, among many other invaluable chapters. (more…)
Rewards of Visiting the Grave Or The Recitation of Salutation to Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) On The Day Of Ashurah – Part II ( Relaibility of the Narrators)
Shaykh Tusi has obtained the above tradition from the book of Muhammad bin Isma’il bin Bazi’ and the Shaykh has mentioned his chain of authorities leading to Muhammad bin Isma’il bin Bazi’ ‘s book in his Fihrist as follows;
Ibn Abi Jid, from Muhammad bin al-Hassan bin al-Walid, from ‘Ali bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad bin Isma’il bin Bazi’.
Thus the Shaykh narrates the rewards of visiting al-Husayn (a.s.) on the day of ‘Ashura’ from the following authorities:
Ibn Abi Jid – Muhammad bin a-Hassan bin al-Walid – ‘Ali bin Ibrahim – Muhammad bin Isma’il bin Bazi’ – Salih bin ‘Uqba – ‘Uqba bin Qays – from Abu Ja’far al-Baqir (a.s.). (more…)
Rewards of Visiting the Grave Or The Recitation of Salutation to Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) On The Day Of Ashurah – Part I
Shaykh Tusi reports: Narrated Muhammad bin Isma’il bin Bazi’, from Salih bin ‘Uqba, from his father, from Abu Ja’far (a.s.) (d. 114 A.H. / 732 A.D.) who said: “Whoever visits the grave of al-Husayn bin ‘Ali (a.s.) on the day of ‘Ashura’, in the month of Muharram and persists in weeping at his gdgment with the reward of two thousand major pilgrimages, two thousand minrave, then Allah the Glorified and Exalted will receive him on the Day of Juor pilgrimages and two thousand military expeditions. The reward of each major and minor pilgrimage and military expedition will be akin to having undertaken them with the Prophet of Allah and the Rightly Guided Imams.”
The narrator said: “May I be ransomed for you, but what about him who lives in far and distant lands and is unable to travel there (i.e. to the site of the grave) on that day?
He (the Imam) said: ‘If that is so, then let such a person go out into the desert or climb up to the terrace or roof-top of his house and gesture in the direction of the grave of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.); send greetings and salutations and exert himself in invoking curses on his enemies. Thereafter he should recite two units of prayer. This ritual should be done at the beginning part of the day, before the sun passes its zenith. Thereafter, he should lament and weep over al-Husayn (a.s.), and command the people of his house, who are unaware of it, to cry over al-Husayn (a.s.). He should establish mourning in his house by expressing grief and sorrow over al-Husayn (a.s.). Some of them are to console others of their feelings of distress. If they do all this, then I am their guarantor near Allah the Exalted.’ (more…)
How do we know that the traditions regarding Ziyarat of Ashurah or for that matter on any subject are reliable or not ?
Reliability of the Traditions :
Early Shi’ite scholars classified traditions into two: the reliable and the unreliable. Those traditions that were corroborated by circumstantial evidence were considered reliable and authoritative. Those that were not, were considered unreliable.
So, what is circumstantial evidence? Circumstantial evidence can be defined as any of the following:
Dear Reader ,
We will try to provide here authentic references in the form of :-
1. Traditions narrated about Ziyarat e Asurah by reliable chain of narrators with authentic references
2. The authencity of the narrators themselves who have narrated the traditions and what is mentioned about them in the books of Rejal .
3. Scanned pages of the original books containing references .
We hope that after going through this section all doubts regarding The Ziyarat of Ashura will be eradicated Inshallah.
We seek the help of Allah (TWT) and the help of His Hujjat Hazrat Imam e Zamana (ATFS) in this regard .
‘ASSALAAMO ALAIKA YA ABA ABDILLAH’
Tradition Of Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami – Part II ( Authencity of the Narrators of the Tradition )
The Tradition Of Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami has been narrated by
(1) Salih bin ‘Uqba (2) Sayf bin ‘Umayra and (3)Alqama’ bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami
In this article we shall discuss the Authencity of these narrators with reference to the opinions od traditionalist and scholars regarding them and whatever is written is about them in the books of Rejal.
Salih bin ‘Uqba and Sayf bin ‘Umayra narrate from ‘Alqama bin Muhammad al-Hadhrami who reports: “I said to Abu Ja’far (al-Baqir) (a.s.); ‘Teach me a salutation by which I may greet and salute him (al-Husayn) on that day (i.e. the day of ‘Ashura’), if I were to visit him from near, and by gesturing towards him when from afar and when at home.”
Shaykh Tusi has taken this tradition from the book of Muhammad bin Khalid al-Tayalisi and has mentioned his chain of transmission to this book in his Fihrist. He says: He (i.e. Muhammad bin Khalid al-Tayalisi) has a book which we have transmitted from al-Husayn bin ‘Abdallah (al-Ghadhairi), from Ahmed bin Muhammad bin Yahya (the teacher of Shaykh Saduq), from his father (Muhammad bin Yahya al-’Attar al-Qummi), from Muhammad bin ‘Ali bin Mahbub, from him (i.e. Muhammad bin Khalid al-Tayalisi).